Glossary


Labellar
Pertaining to the labellum: a lip; in orchid flowers referring to the middle petal which usually differs in size, shape or ornamentation from the two lateral petals.
The lip of an orchid flower
Labellum
A lip; in orchid flowers referring to the highly modified middle petal which usually differs in size, shape or ornamentation from the two lateral petals.
The labellum of Caladenia chlorostyla
Lacinia
A jagged lobe.
Laciniae
Jagged lobes.
Laciniate
Cut into narrow, irregular lobes or segments.
Lacustrine
Of or having to do with a lake, of, relating to, or formed in lakes, growing or living in lakes.
Lacustrine vegetation, Lake Waiporohita.
Lamina
The expanded flattened portion or blade of a leaf, fern frond or petal.
The lamina of a leaf of Coprosma tenuifolia
Lanceolate
Lance-shaped; of a leaf several times longer than wide with greatest width about one third from the base, tapering gradually to apex and more rapidly to base
Lanceolate leaf shape Lanceolate kauri leaves Lanceolate Parsonsia capsularis leaves
Lateral
On or at the side.
Hebe stricta leaves at the side Lateral fruit of Poutere costata
Lax
With parts open and spreading, not compact.
Open and spreading branches of Leucopogon fasiculata
Laxly
With parts open and spreading, not compact
Leaflet
One section of a compound leaf.
Leaflets of a compound leaf of Pseudopanax gilliesii
Lemma
The lower of two bracts enclosing the flower in grasses.
Lenticillate
Bark that is covered in fine lenticles (breathing pores)
Ligulate
Strap–like, tongue–shaped
Ligule
The membrane between the leaf and the stem of a grass; the "petal" of a ray floret in a composite inflorescence
The ligule of the introduced grass Poa trivialis White ligules of the mountain daisy Celmisia spectabilis subsp. lanceolata
Linear
Long and narrow with more or less parallel sides.
Linear leaf shape Linear leaf shape of Ficinia spiralis
Littoral
Occurring at the border of land and sea (or lake). On or pertaining to the shore. The shallow sunlit waters near the shore to the depth at which rooted plants stop growing.
Lobe
A recognisable, but not separated, rounded division or segment of a leaf or pinna. Used to describe ferns and leaves in Cotula and Leptinella.
A rounded division or segment of a leaf
Lobed
Part of a leaf (or other organ), often rounded, formed by incisions to about halfway to the midrib.
A lobed leaf shape
Lobule
A small lobe or sub-division of a lobe
Lustrous
Glossy, shiny.
The glossy leaves of Coprosma repens
Lycophytes
Seedless vascular plants that belong to the phylum Lycophyta (characterised by microphylls -primitive leaves found in ancient plants).
A lycophyte, Lycopodium fastigiatum.
Lyrate
Pinnatifid or pinnatisect terminal lobe much larger than lower lobes.
Lyrate leaf shape

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