Glossary


Falcate
Hooked or curved like a sickle.
Leaves of Prumnopitys ferruginea (mira) curved like a sickle
Fastigiate
Branches erect and close to central axis.
Erect branches of Knightia excelsa (rewarewa)
Fen
A type of wet land that accumulates peat deposits. Fens are less acidic than bogs, deriving most of their water from groundwater rich in calcium and magnesium.
Ferrugineous
Rust–like (a colour term)
Rust coloured Pomaderris edgerleyi
Fertile frond
Fronds that bear sporangia.
Fertile fronds of Belchnum filiforme with narrow sporangia-bearing pinnae.
Filamentous
Resembling a filament.
Filiform
Thread like, resembling a filament.
The thread like Gahnia Filiform leaf shape
Filiramulate
Branching at a very wide angle with stiff intertwined stems.
The wide angled branching of Muehlenbeckia astonii (shrubby tororaro)
Fimbriae
Plural of fimbria: Fringe. A fimbria is composed of many fimbrillae (individual hair-like structures).
Fimbriae on the column arms of the orchid Thelymitra pulchella
fimbriate
With fringes.
The fringed flowers of Alseuosmia
Flabellate
Fan shaped.
Flabellate leaf shape Flabellate frond of the fern Schizaea dichotoma.
Flaccid
Limp, not rigid, flabby.
The limp leaves of Machaerina sinclairii
Flange
A projecting rim.
A flange on Agathis australis
Flexuose
With curves or bends.
Flexuouse stems of Muehlenbeckia astonii
Floccose
Having tufts of soft woolly hairs
Floret
A small flower, usually one of a cluster - the head of a daisy for example.
Floret of Sophora chathamica Floret of Sophora
Foliaceous
Leaf-like.
Foliolate
Having leaflets.
The trifoliolate (3 leaflets) leaf of Schizeilema trifoliolatum.
Founder effect
When a small number of plants (and therefore their genes) from a larger population are selected some genetic information is lost.
Frond
A leaf, the complete leaf of a fern including the stipe and lamina
The frond of Cyathea dealbata (silver fern)
Fulvous
Orange–yellow.
The orange-yellow underside of Clematis cunninghamii
Funneliform
Funnel-shaped.
Funnel-shaped flowers of Pisonia brunoniana
Fusiform
Broadest near the middle and tapering toward both ends.
Fusiform Typha orientalis Fusiform Typha orientalis

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