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Current Threat Status
2012 - At Risk - Naturally Uncommon
Previous Threat Status
2009 - At Risk - Naturally Uncommon
2004 - Range Restricted
2012 - RR
Damnamenia vernicosa (Hook f.) D.R.Given
Vascular - Native
Celmisia vernicosa Hook.f.
Endemic. New Zealand: Auckland and Campbell Islands.
A species of mostly upland cushion bogs and Pleurophyllum Hook.f. dominated meadows. Also grows at low altitudes in exposed, inhospitable, sparsely vegetated sites.
Stoloniferous herb with thick woody multicipital basal stock. Living leaves densely imbricating and forming rosettes at tips of branchlets and sometimes at ends of leafy stolons. Leaves glossy as though varnished, glabrous; venation simple with lateral veins of sheath not extending into the lamina. Ptyxis plain. Inflorescence scapose and monocephalous. Receptacle obconic; phyllaries in several series, bearing eglandular uniseriate hairs only. Ray florets ligulate, female, white, occasionally pale rose especially near tips, limb and tube clad in scattered hairs. Disc florets tubular, pefect, purple or occasionally yellow, cyathiform above point of insertion of stamen filaments and usually cylindrical below, although occasionally gradually narrowing towards corolla base; corolla hairs eglandular biseriate and uniseriate; stamen tip usually obtuse or if acute then short, anther tails present but shorter than the basally narrowed filament collar; style arms short, terminal appendage broadly triangular and bearing long collecting hairs on back and margin. Pappus bristles unequal, in more than one series, plumose with long crowded teeth. Achene obconic, clad in duplex hairs.
November - January
Main Flower Colour
Other Flower Colour
Violet / Purple
December - March
Difficult - should not be removed from the wild
A Naturally Uncommon, range-restricted endemic, abundant and under no obvious threats within its known sites. Both Auckland and Campbell Island are Nature Reserves and World Heritage Sites administered by the New Zealand Department of Conservation who exercises strict controls on landings to these islands.
2n = 108
Where To Buy
Not commercially available.
References and further reading
Given, D.R. 1973. Damnamenia gen. nov. A New Subantarctic Genus Allied to Celmisia Cass. (Astereae-Compositae). New Zealand Journal of Botany 11: 785-796.
Thorsen, M. J.; Dickinson, K. J. M.; Seddon, P. J. 2009. Seed dispersal systems in the New Zealand flora. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 11: 285-309
This page last updated on 23 Jul 2014